The Late Period of Ancient Egypt refers to the last flowering of
native Egyptian rulers after the Third Intermediate Period from
the 26th Saite Dynasty into Persian conquests and ended with
the conquest by Alexander the Great. It ran from 664 BC until
It is often regarded as the last gasp of a once great culture,
where the power of Egypt had diminished.
The Twenty-Sixth Dynasty, also known as the Saite Period,
lasted from 672 BC to 525 BC. Canal construction from the
Nile to the Red Sea began.
Main articles: Twenty-seventh Dynasty of Egypt and History of
The First Achaemenid Period (525 BCE – 404 BCE), this period
saw Egypt conquered by an expansive Achaemenid Empire underCambyses.
The Twenty-Eighth Dynasty consisted of a single king, Amyrtaeus, prince of Sais, who rebelled against the Persians. He left no monuments with his name. This dynasty lasted 6 years, from 404 BC to 398 BC.
The Twenty-Ninth Dynasty ruled from Mendes, for the period from 398 BC to 380 BC.
The Thirtieth Dynasty took their art style from the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty. A series of three pharaohs ruled from 380 BC until their final defeat in 343 BC led to the re-occupation by the Persians.