1 cup uncooked pasta (small shells or elbow macaroni is best)
2 large onions, diced
4 cloves garlic, minced
2 tablespoons oil
1 (400 g) can chopped tomatoes
1/4 teaspoon crushed red chili pepper flakes (or more to taste)
salt and black pepper
Interestingly enough, Kushari’s origins are not Egyptian at all, in fact it was a dish brought in by the British army in Egypt in the 19th century: the pasta was imported from Italy, the tomatoes are from Latin America and the rice from Asia, however the idea to mix them all together in one extremely delicious and vegetarian dish was conceived in Egypt.
Considered to be the Egyptian national dish, it consists of pasta and tomato sauce, among other items, including rice, lentils, caramelized onions, garlic and chickpeas. Having four sources of carbohydrates has made it the most popular lunch item in most common food outlets in Egypt for over 100 years.