It is found in the cuisines of the Eastern Mediterranean under a variety of names. It appears to be a variant of the Egyptian dish ma’mounia. In southern Greece, it is called ravani, while in the north, it is called revani. It is a traditional dessert in Veria. Basbousa is often called “hareesa” in the Maghreb, Alexandria, and Jordan. Basbousa is a particularly popular dessert among Coptic Christians for fasts such as Great Lent and the Nativity Fast as it is vegan.
Basbousa (Arabic بسبوسة basbūsah) or hareesa (Arabic هريسة), revani (Turkish) or ravani and revani (Greek ραβανί and ρεβανί) is a sweet cake made of cooked semolina or farina soaked in simple syrup. Coconut is a popular addition. The syrup may also optionally contain orange flower water or rose water.