Basbousa (Arabic بسبوسة basbūsah) or hareesa (Arabic هريسة), revani (Turkish) or ravani and revani (Greek ραβανί and ρεβανί) is a sweet cake made of cooked semolina or farina soaked in simple syrup. Coconut is a popular addition. The syrup may also optionally contain orange flower water or rose water.
It is found in the cuisines of the Eastern Mediterranean under a variety of names. It appears to be a variant of the Egyptian dish ma’mounia. In southern Greece, it is called ravani, while in the north, it is called revani. It is a traditional dessert in Veria. Basbousa is often called “hareesa” in the Maghreb, Alexandria, and Jordan. Basbousa is a particularly popular dessert among Coptic Christians for fasts such as Great Lent and the Nativity Fast as it is vegan.