Hurghada (Arabic: الغردقة El Ġardaqa, normally known as in Egyptian Arabic) is a city in the Red Sea Governorate of Egypt. It is a main tourist center and second largest city (after Suez) in Egypt located on the Red Sea coast.
The city was founded in the early 20th century, and since the 1980s has been continually enlarged by Egyptian and foreign investors to become the leading seashore resort on the Red Sea. Holiday villages and hotels provide aquatic sport facilities for sailboarders, yachtsmen, scuba divers and snorkelers.
Hurghada stretches for about 36 kilometres (22 mi) along the seashore, and it does not reach far into the surrounding desert. The resort is a destination for Egyptian tourists from Cairo, the Delta and Upper Egypt, as well as package holiday tourists from Europe, notably Italians and Germans. Until a few years ago it was a small fishing village. Today Hurghada counts 248,000 inhabitants and is divided into three parts: Downtown (El Dahar) is the old part; Sekalla is the city center, and El Memsha (Village road) is the modern part. Sakalla is the relatively modest hotel quarter. Dahar is where the town’s largestbazaar, the post office and the long-distance bus station are situated.
The city is served by the Hurghada International Airport with scheduled passenger traffic to and from Cairo and direct connections with several cities in Europe. The airport has undergone massive renovations to accommodate rising traffic. Hurghada is known for its watersports activities, nightlife and warm weather. Daily temperature hovers round 30 degrees celsius most of the year. Numerous Europeans spend their Christmas and New Year holidays in the city, primarily Germans, Russians and Italians.
hough a town in its own right Hurgada’s current major industry is foreign and domestic tourism, owing to its dramatic landscape, year-round dry and temperate climate and long stretches of natural beaches. Its waters are clear and calm for most of the year and have become popular for various watersports, particularly recreational scuba diving and snorkeling.
There are plenty of diveshops. Most take you out on a daytrip and make one dive in the morning and one in the afternoon. Dive sites around Abu Ramada Island, Giftun Kebir and Giftun Soraya are very popular. But you can also visit wrecks such as the El Mina or the Rosalie Moller.
Hurghada has a subtropical-desert climate, with mild-warm winters and hot to very hot summers. The summer season lasts year round. Temperatures in the period December–January–February are moderately warm, while November, March and April – comfortably warm. May and October is hot and the period from June to September is very hot. Sunshine hours are around 3,800 per year (one of the highest results in the world), from average 9 hours of sunshine / day in December to average 13 hours in July. Average annual temperature of sea is 24 °C (75 °F), from 21 °C (70 °F) in February and March to 28 °C (82 °F) in August.